Gap in retail and wholesale price adds to vegetable price: ASSOCHAM study
NEW DELHI: Due to low arrivals of the harvest in the mandis during April-July period of 2016, prices of most of vegetables like potato, cabbage, chilly, tomato, cauliflower, brinjal and okra have risen. According to ASSOCHAM study, this is the most worrying trend visible during the peak season of production.
At the retail level, potato store went up by 100 per cent during April-July this year over the same period of 2015, cabbage(49.3 percent), chilly(47.8 percent), garlic (37.0 percent), cauliflower(33.9 percent), tomato local(26.0 percent),tomato hybrid (25.6 percent), potato fresh (25.0 percent), okra(22.3 percent) and brinjal round (20.8 percent).
The study which covered several mandis noted with concern ,”it indicates a worrying situation where market arrival of vegetables have recorded contraction despite being peak season for production. In the shorter horizon, there will be more pressure on the market arrivals of vegetables as production season eases”.
ASSOCHAM Secretary General Mr D S Rawat noted another worrying trend emerging out of the study.”There is a huge gap between retail and wholesale price of vegetables. On an all –India average, retailers are selling at more than 52.7 per cent of wholesale prices”.
The situation has been compounded by lower level of arrivals in the mandis, for the period under review. As for the gap between the wholesale and retail prices, it is as much as over 75 in some cases like brijal(round) and over 62 per cent for tomato(desi or local).likewise, in terms of locational gaps, it is notoriously high by as much as over 80 per cent and places like Mumbai, Delhi and Patna while in several other cities, it is well over 50 per cent.
Lack of basic infrastructure puts further strain in the arrival of vegetables which results in more wastage of vegetables during peak time of production and because of their perishable nature producers have to sell immediately. In general, producers do not gain when prices increase.
“Therefore there is a need of building of cold storage facilities in production centers . Government should improve infrastructure facility by increasing PPP initiative for the development of cold storage. Also there is a need to develop infrastructure that could be directly accessible to farmers and build the gap between field and market” the study emphasized.