Promotion of Bio-Fertilizers
NEW DELHI: The total requirement of various bio-fertilizers that are required for seed/root treatment and soil is estimated to be about 0.426 million ton, based on net cultivated area. Government is promoting bio-fertilizers through various schemes of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)/ Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) and National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP), National Food Security Mission (NFSM) and Indian Council of Agricultural Sciences (ICAR). The pattern of assistance is given below. The detailed state wise production of organic fertilizer in the country is given below.
The Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) under Network project on Organic Farming is undertaking research to develop location specific organic farming package of practices for crops and cropping systems. Presently, the project is being implemented in 20 centres located in state covering 16 States. Organic farming package of practices for 18 crops/cropping systems have been developed. Besides, under ICAR’s Network project on Soil Biodiversity-Biofertiliser has developed improved and efficient strains of biofertiliser specific to different crops and soil types. Liquid Biofertiliser technology with higher shelf life has also been developed. The Council has developed technologies to prepare various types of organic manures such as phospho compost, vermi compost, municipal solid waste compost, bio-enriched compost etc. from various organic wastes. The ICAR also imparts training, organizes Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) to educate farmers on all these aspects.
- National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)-Organic & INM Component of Soil Health Management (SHM):
- Setting up of State of art liquid/ carrier based Biofertilizer/ Biopesticide units, 100% Assistanceto State Govt/Govt. Agencies upto a maximum limit of Rs.160.00 lakh /unit and 25% of costlimited to Rs.40 lakh/unit for individuals/ private agencies through NABARD as capitalinvestment of 200 TPA production capacity.
- Setting up of Bio-fertilizer and Organic fertilizer testing Quality Control Laboratory (BOQCL)or Strengthening of existing Laboratory under FCO, assistance up to maximum limit of Rs.85 lakh for new laboratory and up to a maximum limit of Rs. 45 lakh for strengthening ofexisting infrastructure to State Government Laboratory under Agriculture or HorticultureDepartment.
- Promotion of Organic Inputs on farmer’s field (Manure, Vermi-compost, Bio-Fertilizers Liquid /solid, Waste compost, Herbal extracts etc.), 50 % of cost subject to a limit of Rs. 5000/- per haand Rs. 10,000 per beneficiary. Propose to cover 1 million ha area.
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): It is the first comprehensive scheme launched by the Central Government as a centrally sponsored programme (CSP). The scheme is implemented by the State Governments on a cluster basis of 20 hectare each. The farmer within the cluster is given financial assistance upto a maximum of 1 ha and the limit of assistance is Rs.50,000 per ha during the conversion period of 3 years. The target is to promote 10,000 clusters covering 5 lakh acres over the period of 3 years, 2015-16 to 2017-18. Further, following assistance is given for procuring liquid bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticides:
- Liquid Bio-fertilizer consortia (Nitrogen fixing/ Phosphate Solubilizing/ potassium mobilizing bio-fertilizer) @ Rs.500/acre x 50 of Rs.25000 per cluster in first year.
- Liquid Biopesticides (Trichoderma viridae, Pseudomonas, fluorescens, Matarhizium, Beaviourie bassiana, Pacelomyces, verticillium) 2 Rs.500/ acre x 50 of Rs.25000 per cluster in second year.
- National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP): Financial assistance is being provided for different type of components including bio-fertilisers, Supply of Rhizobium culture/Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB)/ Zinc Solubilising Bacteria (ZSB)/ Azatobacter/ Mycorrhiza and vermi compost.
- National Food Security Mission (NFSM): Under NFSM, financial assistance is provided for promotion of Bio-Fertilizer (Rhizobium/PSB) @50% of the cost limited to Rs.300 per ha.
- Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): Organic Farming projects are considered by respective State Level Sanctioning committee
- Indian Council of Agricultural Sciences (ICAR): The Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR), Pusa under Network project on Soil Biodiversity-Biofertiliser has developed improved and efficient strains of biofertiliser specific to different crops and soil types. Liquid Biofertiliser technology with higher shelf life has also been developed. The ICAR also imparts training, organizes Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs) to educate farmers on all these aspect.
Zone- Wise Bio-Fertilizer Production in India (2010-15)
|South Zone||Carrier based (MT)|| Liquid
|A & N Islands||0||0||0||0||0.0000||0.0000|
|3||Daman & Diu||0||0||0||0||0.0000||0.0000|
|7||D & N Haveli||0||0||0||0||0.000||0.000|
|5||J & Kashmir||0||0||0||45.26||0.000||0.000|
|North East Zone|
Source: Compiled by NCOF (Data Provided by Production Units/State Government/ RCOFs
MT= Metric Ton KL= Kilo litrer
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture, Mohanbhai Kundariya in Lok Sabha on Tuesday.