National Agriculture Drought Assessment and Monitoring System
NEW DELHI: The 14 States covered under NADAMS are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. The drought assessment for 14 States is carried out at District level. However, out of these 14 States in 5 States (Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Telangana) drought assessment is carried out at Sub-District level.
The agriculture drought assessment and monitoring, under NADAMS project, is carried out using multiple satellite data, rainfall, soil moisture index, potential sowing area, irrigation percentage and ground observations. A logical modeling approach is followed to classify the districts into Alert, Watch and Normal during June, July and August and Severe, Moderate and Mild drought conditions during September and October. The monthly Drought Assessment Reports are communicated to all concerned State and national level agencies and also kept on the MNCFC website (www.ncfc.gov.in).
NADAMS project provides an early assessment of drought situation and thus helps the State Governments to take remedial measures and also use this information for drought declaration. This way, the assessments provided by NADAMS Project are beneficial for the farmers. But since the benefits accrued to farmers are indirectly as a result of remedial measures taken by the State Governments, so there is no system of collecting actual number of farmers benefited. Hence, no such information is being maintained.
This information was given by the Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Mohanbhai Kalyanjibhai Kundariya in Lok Sabha on Tuesday.